This course begins with the study of the basic vocabulary of geometry and inductive and deductive reasoning. Students will also study postulates and theorems about segments, angles, parallel lines, perpendicular lines, triangles, and other polygons. They will learn how to write a two-column proof by studying congruent triangles. Quadrilaterals and parallelograms are also taught, and a significant amount of time is spent studying right triangles, which includes the Pythagorean Theorem, special right triangles, and basic trigonometric functions. The study of circles followed by the study of area, surface area, and volume formulas for various two and three-dimensional figures are taught at the end of the course.
Prerequisite: Algebra I